Category Archives: Chinese Goverment

China, Corporations and Internet Censorship

The Chinese government has developed sophisticated methods to monitor and repress the social-media activities of its ‘netizens’. Internet censorship in China also reflects the tangled relationship Beijing presently has with Western internet companies.

Prepared by: ISN staff

This week we have tried to determine just how much the internet and social media empower individuals or aid and abet corrupt and coercive regimes. Our unsurprising conclusion is that such media is Janus-faced – it does indeed liberate and repress. In the latter case, governments have become increasingly sophisticated in how they use the internet to maintain their grip on power. In this respect, the Chinese government’s manipulation of social media to monitor and repress the activities of its ‘netizens’ stands out as a representative case study – a negative case study, unfortunately, that also reflects the tangled relationship Beijing presently has with Western internet companies.

Social unrest, social media, and Chinese censorship

Control and manipulation of mass media outlets has been part of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CPC) mandate for generations. However, the emergence of the internet and social media such as Facebook (not to mention micro-blogging sites like Weibo, the Chinese equivalent to Twitter) prompted a change in the CPC’s approach to monitoring and censoring media outlets – i.e., it decided to decentralize its traditional oversight of China’s mass media. But it was only after a number of ‘ mass incidents’ (the official term for civil unrest in China) that Beijing developed a strategic approach to protect CPC ideology in cyberspace.

via China, Corporations and Internet Censorship.

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Hacked: How China is stealing Americas business secrets

Sen. John Kerry is fed up with Chinas penchant for looting technology from U.S. businesses — up to $400 billion worth of data each year. When will it stop?POSTED ON FEBRUARY 16, 2012, AT 3:52 PMChinese gamers at an internet cafe: Sen. John Kerry D-Mass. says Chinese hackers are illegally stealing business secrets from American firms. Photo: Imaginechina/Corbis SEE ALL 54 PHOTOSChinese Vice President Xi Jinping, slated to be the next leader of the worlds most populous nation, is getting an earful from U.S. officials over Chinas shady business practices. During Xis first official tour of the U.S. this week, Sen. John Kerry D-Mass. accused a Chinese company of bankrupting a U.S. competitor by ransacking its software. And thats just the tip of the iceberg, alleges Kerry, implicating China in “cyber-attacks, access-to-market issues, espionage [and] theft.” And, indeed, a flurry of recent reports indicate that Chinese hackers, backed by the government, are stealing business secrets from the U.S. Here, a guide:

via Hacked: How China is stealing Americas business secrets – The Week.


McConnell, Chertoff and Lynn: Chinas Cyber Thievery Is National Policy—And Must Be Challenged – WSJ.com

By MIKE MCCONNELL, MICHAEL CHERTOFF AND WILLIAM LYNNOnly three months ago, we would have violated U.S. secrecy laws by sharing what we write here—even though, as a former director of national intelligence, secretary of homeland security, and deputy secretary of defense, we have long known it to be true. The Chinese government has a national policy of economic espionage in cyberspace. In fact, the Chinese are the worlds most active and persistent practitioners of cyber espionage today.Evidence of Chinas economically devastating theft of proprietary technologies and other intellectual property from U.S. companies is growing. Only in October 2011 were details declassified in a report to Congress by the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive. Each of us has been speaking publicly for years about the ability of cyber terrorists to cripple our critical infrastructure, including financial networks and the power grid. Now this report finally reveals what we couldnt say before: The threat of economic cyber espionage looms even more ominously.

via McConnell, Chertoff and Lynn: Chinas Cyber Thievery Is National Policy—And Must Be Challenged – WSJ.com.


“Cyber China” From Operation Aurora to China Cyber attacks Syndrome | Security Affairs

When we think of China in relation to cyber warfare, we imagine an army of hackers hired by the government in a computer room ready to successfully attack any potential target. China is perceived as a cyber power and ready to march against any insurmountable obstacle using any means. In this connection we read everything and its opposite, and we are ready to blame all sorts of cyber threats to the Country of the Rising Sun. The truth, however, is quite different, at least in my opinion, and understands that the Chinese people before others have understood the importance of a strategic hegemony in cyber space. However, many doubts are beginning to gather on the real technological capabilities of China.

It certainly has a high potential for cyber offensive but its quality is really arguable. China has the most extensive cyber-warfare capabilities. It began to implement an Information Warfare strategy in 1995 conducting a huge quantity of exercises in which computer viruses have been used to interrupt military and private communications. In 2000, China established a strategic Information Warfare unit, Net Force, which is responsible for “wage combat through computer networks to manipulate enemy information systems spanning spare parts deliveries to fire control and guid ance systems.” Today The PLA GSD Third Department and Fourth Departments are considered to be the two largest players in China‘s burgeoning cyber-infrastructure.  In November 2011, Desmond Ball, a professor in the Strategic and Defense Studies Centre at Australia’s National University argues that the Chinese offensive capabilities today are pretty limited and he has also declared that the internal security has a bunch of vulnerabilities.

via “Cyber China” From Operation Aurora to China Cyber attacks Syndrome | Security Affairs.


China vows to speed up convergence of TV, Internet, phone in 2012 – Xinhua | English.news.cn

BEIJING, Dec. 26 (Xinhua) — China will push ahead the convergence of television, Internet and telecom services in 2012, said Miao Wei, minister of Industry and Information Technology, Monday.

The government will expand pilot projects to all the municipalities, provincial capitals and other eligible cities next year, Miao said.

Last year, only 12 cities were chosen for the trial, including two municipalities, Beijing and Shanghai, and four provincial capitals, Harbin, Nanjing, Hangzhou and Wuhan.

The tri-network integration, which allows users to access television, Internet and mobile phone services through a single device, was listed in the government work report last year as one of the emerging strategic industries for priority development and slated for completion by 2015.

China achieved some progress in facilitating connections of broadcast and telecommunications networks in 2011 and was able to provide consumers with products and services, Miao said.

By the end of November, China’s Internet protocol television (IPTV) users have exceeded 11 million, while mobile video subscribers have surpassed 40 million.

via China vows to speed up convergence of TV, Internet, phone in 2012 – Xinhua | English.news.cn.


Chinese price controls will hurt U.S. companies, says Lugar | MassDevice – Medical Device Industry News

Sen. Dick Lugar (R-Ind.) warns that China’s proposed price controls on med-tech products will hurt Chinese patients and American companies.

 

Sen. Dick Lugar (R-Ind.), the head Republican on the Senate’s Foreign Affairs Committee, warned Chinese officials that its proposed price controls for medical products would hurt American companies and Chinese patients.

The letter from Lugar comes as China decides how to best provide basic medical care to all of its 1.3 billion citizens by 2020.

The U.S. med-tech industry is eyeing the future market, but worries that China will opt for price controls that would dig into industry profits and make expensive American devices less competitive, according to TheHill.com

via Chinese price controls will hurt U.S. companies, says Lugar | MassDevice – Medical Device Industry News.


Obama expected to announce increased U.S. military presence in Australia – News – Stripes

YOKOTA AIR BASE, Japan – With an eye on China, President Barack Obama is expected to announce plans to boost U.S.-Australia defense ties when he visits the northern Australian city of Darwin on Thursday.

Darwin is the tropical gateway to the Northern Territory, boasting large untapped oil, gas and mineral deposits, as well as vast uninhabited tracts of land suitable for military training.

Australian media outlets reported over the weekend that the two countries would announce a plan for U.S. Marines to rotate through Australia’s Robertson Barracks in Darwin. U.S. and Australian defense officials have not confirmed such a plan, but said closer defense cooperation is likely to include increased U.S. access to Australian training, facilities and ports, and the positioning of U.S. equipment Down Under

via Obama expected to announce increased U.S. military presence in Australia – News – Stripes.


China Proposes “Traffic Rules” for Information, Cyberspace Security

China on Thursday called for the development of a comprehensive set of “traffic rules” for the “information highway,” adding that “the United Nations is the most appropriate forum for the formulation of such norms and rules.”

The statement came as Wang Qun, the Chinese ambassador for disarmament affairs, was addressing the First Committee of the UN General Assembly on information and cyberspace security. The First Committee is in charge of disarmament and international security.

“In this information age, ‘information highway’ has reached almost all corners of our planet,” Wang said. “It is worrisome, however, that in this virtual space where traffic is very heavy, there is, hitherto, no comprehensive ‘traffic rule.'”

“As a result, ‘traffic accidents’ in information and cyber space constantly occur with ever increasing damage and impact,” he said. “Therefore, the development of international norms and rules guiding the activities in information and cyber space has become an urgent task in maintaining information and cyberspace security of various countries.”

via China Proposes “Traffic Rules” for Information, Cyberspace Security.


US lawmaker slams China for cyber spying – Forbes.com

WASHINGTON — The chairman of the House Intelligence Committee has accused China of waging an unprecedented campaign of cyber espionage aimed at stealing some of the most important U.S. industrial secrets.

Chairman Mike Rogers, a Michigan Republican, says that Chinese efforts to steal U.S. technology via the Internet have reached what he called an “intolerable level,” and has called on the United States and its allies to pressure Beijing to stop.

via US lawmaker slams China for cyber spying – Forbes.com.


Rule stiffens penalties for Chinese hackers

BEIJING – Starting on Thursday, hackers who broke into 20 or more computers will face jail terms of up to seven years, according to a new judicial interpretation issued jointly by the China’s Supreme People’s Court and Supreme People’s Procuratorate.

People who hack from 20 to 100 computers, or steal from 10 to 50 user names and passwords for online-payment or stock accounts, will get at least three years in prison. And those who hack even more computers or steal more passwords will face jail terms of up to seven years.

The latest rule, an interpretation made to deal with online crimes, which were added to the Criminal Law in 2009, also applies to Chinese hackers who steal information from foreign computers, said Zhou Guangquan, a member of the National People’s Congress’s law committee and a professor in criminal law at Tsinghua University.

via Rule stiffens penalties for hackers.